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What is CBD?

CBD is one of over 120 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis or marijuana plant. (CBD) has been recently covered in the media, and you may have even seen it as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee.

What exactly is CBD? Why is it suddenly so popular? Harvard Medical School of Medicine


Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, and causes the sensation of getting “high” that’s often associated with marijuana. However, unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive. This quality makes CBD an appealing option for those who are looking for relief from pain and other symptoms without the mind-altering effects of marijuana or certain pharmaceutical drugs.

CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.


The human body contains a specialized system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is involved in regulating a variety of functions including sleep, appetite, pain and immune system response (3Trusted Source).

The body produces endocannabinoids, which are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system.

Studies have shown that CBD may help reduce chronic pain by impacting endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters (4Trusted Source).

Hemp and marijuana plant has been the subject of study since the fourteen century for it’s a wide range of benefits for the body and mind. These cannabinoids are what give the plant its effects. CBD has all the wellness benefits of cannabis (tetrahydrocannabinol), without producing the “high.”

All of these cannabinoids working together create what is commonly called the “entourage effect”. These cannabinoids work with the endocannabinoid system (your body’s natural infrastructure built for interacting with cannabinoids) to produce positive effects on mood, energy, brain function, and overall well-being.


Why CBD become very popular? CBD has become very popular due to the increase in knowledge and acceptance of its wellness benefits and non-psychoactive properties. There are successful testimonial usage of CBD for pain relief, fighting seizures, cancer, reducing the risk of diabetes, combating sleep issues, anxiety, PTSD, skin conditions, and so much more. As a consumer you must do your own research and consult your health care professionals for advice. The popularity of CBD continues to rise as people learn more and more about its life-changing potential.

How does it work? Cannabinoid receptors in the human body help regulate mood, pain, sensation, appetite, and memory. These receptors can be activated by natural endocannabinoids. Researchers at the University of Bristol have made progress in understanding how cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs) are controlled in the brain.


CB1Rs, the proteins that detect the active components of cannabis, help control information flow in the brain by binding molecules made in the brain called endocannabinoids, which influence brain functions such as pain, appetite, mood and memory.

Unusually, endocannabinoid signaling goes in the reverse direction compared to most other neurotransmitters.

“It is becoming increasingly apparent that activation of CB1Rs could be therapeutically useful for a wide range of diseases such as chronic pain, epilepsy, or multiple sclerosis. Understanding the fundamental properties of CB1R is an important basis for future studies exploring the efficacy and optimization of these targeted approaches.”


CBD Quality Is The Key to Wellness

Because there are so many CBD products on the market, it can be difficult to identify the best option to purchase. The growing trend towards offering CBD to pets complicates the matter as well – can animals use the same CBD products that humans do?

There is no way to answer that question without raising the related question of CBD quality. There is a marked difference between Full- Spectrum extract, produced in world-class laboratories using safe techniques, and low-quality CBD products that may contain impurities, or so-called “hemp seed oil” extracts that contain no CBD at all.

Reputable manufacturers like Extract Labs produce pure CBD tinctures and pet-friendly products using in-house operations kept under tight laboratory conditions. When manufacturers test their products for potency and purity, the consumer gets greater relief and a far more wellness-oriented experience.

What are some of the ways to take CBD? One of the most popular ways to take CBD is orally in the form of hemp oil tinctures. These can be taken alone or mixed into a beverage - many consumers add it to a morning coffee or smoothie. Sometimes, CBD is infused into gummies, chocolates, and other candies. It can even be vaped or smoked in oil form. Increasingly, it is used in topical formulas such as body and beauty care products. There are many cannabinoid receptors in the skin, which means CBD can be easily absorbed.

When should I take CBD oil and how do I know how much to take at a time? CBD is normally most effective when consumed on a daily basis. It is a great way to supplement your daily routine - many people take it first thing in the morning and last thing before they go to sleep. Similar to THC, CBD affects each person differently. Dosage amounts and efficacy can and will vary from person to person. It is important to experiment on your own to find out what works best for you specifically.

What’s the difference between CBD isolate and “whole-plant” or “full-spectrum” CBD? CBD isolate is strictly just CBD - it doesn’t contain any other cannabinoids. CBD alone has some wellness benefits, but when combined with other cannabinoids, it works even more effectively. For true medicinal benefits, you would want all the cannabinoids working synergistically together (for the aforementioned entourage effect) in your body. So medicinally, full-spectrum oil that contains many cannabinoids is much more effective than CBD isolate. Some companies use CBD isolate in their body care products - not only because it is cheaper, but also because of myths that still surround even trace amounts of THC. However, the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum oil have no psychoactive effects and are fully legal in all 50 states.


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